Criminal Possession of a Forgery Device

The exact language of New York Penal Law 170.40 states says that a defendant is guilty of Criminal Possession of a Forgery Device, a class “D” felony, if he:
a) makes or possesses with knowledge of its character any plate, die or other device, apparatus, equipment or article specifically designed for use in counterfeiting or otherwise forging written instruments, or:
b) with intent to use, or to aid or permit another to use, the same for purposes of forgery, he makes or possesses any device, apparatus, equipment or article capable of or adaptable to such use.
The circumstances where defendant can be found with a forgery device are extensive. A defendant can get caught making a forgery device, actually using a forgery device, just in possession of a forgery device, having a forgery device delivered to him or her, or being involved in the transit of a forgery device, as well as other circumstances.